TOR -Health Budget Analysis – HJ-09-2022



Economic and Social Rights Centre [hereinafter Hakijamii] is a national non-governmental organization working on economic, social and cultural rights advocacy. It seeks, among others, to assist in the promotion of the progressive realization of economic and social rights and especially for the urban low income groups in Kenya through the development and implementation of national policies and legislations as well as adequate allocation of resources that are consistent with accepted human rights standards and in particular ensure that the requirements of the neediest are addressed by such policies or legislations or programs.

Hakijamii envisions a society that is free from discrimination, exploitation and injustice. Its mission is to strengthen the capacity of people’s organizations to effectively and directly participate in advocating and realizing their economic, social and cultural rights in Kenya. Throughout its existence, the organization has been guided by the goal of promoting social movements to engage in realizing and promoting human rights-centered practices and policies. The organization has four main result areas namely:  Health, water & sanitation, Land & housing, public interest litigation, research and budget analysis.

The Constitution of Kenya 2010 recognizes the Bill of Rights with notable emphasis on devolution of political, administrative power and resources which permeates the entire document. It further provides that in allocating resources the state shall give priority to ensuring the widest possible enjoyment of this right and also imposes a duty on the State to take legislative, policy and other measures including the setting of standards to achieve the progressive realization of economic and social rights.  Health services have been devolved at the county government with a view to create a robust health system that is responsive to various health needs of the populace. The Constitution provides that at least 15 percent (15%) of the national revenue be allocated to the county governments to fund the devolved functions, including health.

Despite this county level health systems continue to face challenges that have far reaching effects on citizen’s access to these essential services.  This is despite the Constitution of Kenya (CoK) 2010 emphasis on public participation, transparency and accountability in public finance management and decision-making processes. Health sector remains a major beneficiary of the national and county budgets and has continued to impact the marginalized communities negatively.

Hakijamii has been keen to advocate for realization of ESC rights through review and analysis of resource allocation patterns, implementation and accountability on realization of ESC rights and including health right. It is on this premise that Hakijamii seeks to analyze resource allocation and implementation towards realization of health rights in Mombasa County for the past five years under the project “Promoting Health Service Delivery Through Inclusive and Accountable Health Governance in Mombasa County”. 

As part of its Hakijamii’s ongoing efforts to contribute to the progressive realization of economic and social rights especially for the urban low-income group, Hakijamii now seeks the services of a consultant to assist in To Review & Analyze Mombasa County Health Budget Allocation Patterns and Implementation Toward Health & Related Social Economic Sectors for the Period 2017-2022.

  • Review the progress made towards Realization of Health Right in Mombasa County between the financial year 2017/2022.
  • Carrying out analysis of the Mombasa County Integrated Development Plan – CIDP – Budget for the between the year 2017-2022 with special emphasis on realization of rights to health for the marginalized and COVID 19 health pandemic.
  • Review policy and budget documents including Budget Policy Statement, Budget Speech, Economic and Budgetary Strategy Paper and Estimates of Recurrent and Development Expenditure between 2017-2022
  • Analyze the institutions mandated with health realization (in terms of policy, structure and resource allocations) and the strides made both at national and county level so far.
  • Review of audit reports regarding spending in the Mombasa County health docket for the period 2017-2022.
  • Analyze government’s commitment towards provision of universal Health care for the marginalized people.
  • Conduct a Cost Benefit Analysis on comprehensive on health realization on overall Kenya economy.
  • Identify policy, structural and resource gaps and give recommendations for realization of the health rights at county level.



This consultancy assignment shall require an expert on economic and social rights with special focus on policy research and budget analysis who is able to cover a range of expertise in the fields of public policy research, Economic and financial analysis and monitoring and evaluation

Qualifications/ Specifications:  

  • A Master’s degree in economics, public finance, policy analysis or any other relevant discipline from a recognized University. Post graduate qualification will be an added advantage
  • At least five years’ experience of conducting research in budget analysis or public finance.
  • Record of working with key policy research institutions (e.g. Ministry of Finance, Planning, Kippra, Parliamentary Budget Office and other relevant stakeholders).
  • Experience in international human rights, social justice or related areas, with a good knowledge of economic, social and cultural rights.
  • Understanding of the challenges faced in implementing economic, social rights and cultural able to demonstrate knowledge of how the national budget can be used to address those challenges, including through the Parliamentary system.
  • Demonstrated capacity of analyzing complex budget problems rigorously and from all angles, showing practical judgment as well as academic ability.
  • Skills to clearly articulate how the national budget relates to the realization of economic and social rights.



The entire assignment should take approximately of 15 working days spread over a period of 1month, with clear key timelines envisaged.

Consultancy Process:

Hakijamii is sourcing for Individual consultants. Those interested in the process should send an expression of interest to these Terms of Reference which shall include:

  • Technical proposal including the understanding of the assignment and their proposed methodology.
  • Financial proposal showing the total cost & terms of payment of conducting the research
  • Timeline of execution
  • A similar assignment done before
  • Detailed resume of main consultant and support consultant if any
  • Name and details of at least three referees.


The Executive Director

Economic & Social Rights Centre – Hakijamii

Box 11356-00100 Nairobi


Deadline for receiving applications is on 30th  SEPTEMBER 2022. Kindly note that due to the huge applications received only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.


Economic and Social Rights Centre - Hakijamii is a national...


About Economic and Social Rights Centre-Hakijamii Economic and Social Rights...

Leave your comment