Access to quality and affordable healthcare is a fundamental human right. Article 43(1)(a) of the Constitution of Kenya provides that every person has the right to the highest attainable standard of health, which includes the right to health care services, including reproductive health care. The constitution further devolved provision of health care services to the county governments.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has been encouraging its member states (Kenya included) to develop and implement a Universal Health Coverage (UHC) system that ensures that quality preventive, curative, promotive and rehabilitative healthcare services are accessible to all without facing the risk of financial constraints. Additionally, the Council of Governors appreciates that Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a vital aspect in ensuring that citizens get their desired health as highlighted in the Kenya Health Policy.
In light of this, the Jubilee government has included Universal Health Coverage as one of its Big Four Agenda items. The UHC has been launched and is being piloted in 4 counties namely; Kisumu, Machakos, Nyeri and Isiolo. Its main goal is to facilitate access to quality and affordable health care. Thus, the country is committed to achieving UHC by 2022. To achieve this, investment in Kenya’s health care system is paramount. The government has consequently put in place several measures to transform the crucial health sector.