Hakijamii undertook a survey on the state of non-formal schools in selected informal settlements such as Mathare, Kibra, Kangemi and Mukuru with the aim of generating data and information as a basis to understand the non-formal education sector. We also aim to use the knowledge generated from the study to plan specific interventions to improve the quality of non formal education.
The survey was conducted in six schools randomly selected from each informal settlement and a questionnaire administered to key persons involved in the provision and the management of the non-formal schools. The questionnaire was designed to examine if the school complied with the requirements under the Alternative Provision of Basic Education Training (APBET) policy.
After collecting and analyzing the data, we held a conference in which community partners, school officials, Ministry of Education officials and other Civil Society Organizations were invited and the findings shared with them.
Findings of the survey
Some of the findings from the survey include:
- 100% of the schools in Kibra, Mukuru and Mathare levy fees on the pupils with Kangemi having 83% of the schools charging fees and 17% not levying any fees.
- The average amount of fees paid in Kibra is Ksh 3,190 with the highest schools charging Ksh 6,150 while the lowest charging Ksh 300 per term.In Mukuru informal settlement, the average fees paid by the residents is Kshs 3,471.43 with the highest amount charged being Kshs 7,500 and the lowest fees charged being Kshs 1,500. Further to this, in Kangemi the highest fees charged is Kshs 8,000 lowest being 2,400 and the average being Kshs 4,080. Across the settlements, its Mathare informal settlement which charges the lowest fees with the estimated average being Kshs 2,260 while the highest is Kshs 3,000 and lowest being Kshs 1,600.
- The survey established that all non-formal schools that were enumerated during this study in Kibra and Mukuru informal settlements are registered. In Kangemi, 17% of the institutions are not registered while in Mathare non registered non formal schools constituted 40%.
- 83% of schools in Kibra are visited once a term with those being visited once a year constituting 17%. In Mukuru informal settlements, 43% of the schools are visited once a term, the other 43% of schools are visited once a year with 14% unsure of the visits. In Kangemi informal settlement, majority 50% of the schools are visited once a year with those visited once a term constituting 17%, those which are unsure about the visits constitute 33%.
- In the context of the ratio of pupils to teachers, the study established that in Kibra Informal Settlement, the teacher pupil ratio is 1 teacher to 25 pupils, in the context of TSC registered teacher, the study established that it is 1 TSC teacher against 60pupils. In Mukuru informal settlements, the ratio of teachers to pupils is 1 teacher to 22 pupils while on the other hand 1 TSC teacher against 62 pupils. In Kangemi, its 1 teacher against 30 pupils while 1 TSC teacher against 67 pupils, on the other hand Mathare informal settlement is 1 teacher against 22 pupils while 1 TSC teacher against 64 pupils.