County planning is very important in order to get the maximum utility from scarce resources. The whole planning process begins by the identification of priorities. Counties are therefore expected to use the most recent and reliable data to inform the choice of priorities. The County Integrated Development Plan is a 5-year plan and all counties are required to formulate one. This plan is expected to have clear goals and objectives. Integrated development planning is defined as a process through which efforts at national and devolved level of government and other public institutions are coordinated at the local level. Through the CIDP, economic, social, environmental, legal and spatial aspects are brought together to produce a plan that meets the needs of the local communities.
Hakijamii conducted a two days consultative meeting with Garissa Local Urban Forum (G-LUF), Water Action Group, Community LAPSSET Committee, Grand Synergy Unison Network (GSUN), and the community members for action planning towards formulation of CIDP (2018-2022). The main aim of this meeting was to conduct community action planning through reviewing the County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP) and increase the levels of awareness and participation in the formulation of CIDP in Garissa County.
SECTOR PROPOSALS FOR CIDP (2018-2022)
1 Lands & Housing
No achievements were outlined in the land housing sector in Garissa County.
Challenges faced under the Lands and Housing Sector:
- Lack of proper planning in the Land & Housing Sector at the County Level.
- Lack of community participation and involvement in planning for the Housing sector in Garissa County.
- Lack of awareness and information on the County Integrated Development Plan thus limited involvement of the community members.
- High levels of corruption at the County levels on issues to with land and Housing.
- Unequal distribution of the community Land.
- Mismanagement of funds by county officials with monies allocated for the housing sector.
- Members of the community lack proper documentation for their parcel of lands thus high levels of land grabbing cases.
- Delayed Compensation of Land for communities living along the LAPSSET Corridor.
The Health sector in Garissa County has had tremendous improvement as compared to what has been there in the previous years. Despite the ongoing nurses strike they were able to outline some of the achievements the county government has done:
- Improved transportation in the health sector by providing ambulances within the Sub Counties to handle on emergency cases.
- Improved the levels of maternal health care within the county levels thus reducing the levels of infant mortality rates.
- Increased the numbers of health facilities with the sub counties and wards in Garissa County by building Dispensaries.
- Upgrading of Garissa Provincial Hospital to a referral Hospital.
- Improved immunization levels for children below five years within the county.
Despite the achievements the health sector is still facing some challenges:
- High levels of Insecurity within the region which has forced most of the health workers to quit their jobs.
- Unequipped ambulances thus unable to address emergency cases.
- Low turnout of health workers in the health facilities.
- Lack of medicine in the health facilities.
Garissa County has one permanent river, River Tana that supplies water within the County. The County has also built a total of 65 bores holes and 177 water pans to curb the water scarcity issue but still it remains a big challenge due to:
- Poor maintenance of the water pipes & the sewer lines
- High rates of illegal connections of water in Garissa County.
- Water Cartels thus high levels of corruption in the water sector.
- Erroneous water Bills from GAWASCO.
- High tariffs thus discouraging consumers to connect water.
The levels of Sanitation within the County have improved tremendously due to:
- Expansion of Garissa Sewer lines by Garissa Sewerage Company.
- Increased number of Toilets within the county.
- Proper management of the Public Toilets in Garissa Central Business District.
- Garbage and Waste management in Garissa has improved.
- Increased number of qualified trained teachers in the year 2016.They was able to employ a total 134 ECDE teachers.
- Increased number of Secondary schools to about 40 schools within the county.
- Increased number of training Colleges and polythenics with up to 5.
The following are the challenges outlined under the education sector:
- High Levels of insecurity thus most of the teachers and children have escaped from school.
- Poor infrastructure in the school facilities like most of them lack reading and writing materials, classrooms, school Labs.
- Most of the school programs are funded by donor organizations thus they are always short term e.g. the school feeding programs, TUSOME Programs
- Embezzlement of Funds from the County Government by the school Management.
- Grabbing of land owned by school.